Aliuminio folijos gamyba

Nugaruojančios aliuminio folijos gamybos alyvos

Nugaruojanti formavimo alyva

Rūšis

Klampumas prie 40ºC, mm2 /s

Po nugaravimo liekantis tepiklio kiekis (Rückstand), %

Panaudojimas, savybės

        

 

Molylub

DrawOil ALU 3

DrawOil ALU 5

DrawOil ALU 10

 

 

 

1,4

1,8

2,2

 

 

 

3

6

10

 

 

Aliuminio folijos valcų alyvos.

Nugaruojančios nuo paviršiaus aliuminio folijos formavimo alyvos su aktyviais aukštų slėgių priedais lengvam tempimui. Atitinka „maistinę“ kategoriją, todėl ypač tinka maisto pramonės aliuminio folijos pakuotės formavimui bei galutiniam jos iškirtimui pagal reikiamą formą.

Tame tarpe konditerinei aliuminio folijai naudojamai maisto produktų ir konditerinių gaminių bei farmacijos produktų įpakavimui nuo 0,010 iki 0,1 mm.

 

Metalo formavimo alyvos pramonei

 

Aliuminio folija - Aluminium  foil

is aluminium prepared in thin metal leaves, with a thickness less than 0.2 millimetres (8 mils), thinner gauges down to 6 µm (0.2 mils) are also commonly used.[1] In the United States, foils are commonly gauged in mils. Standard household foil is typically 0.016 millimetres (0.6 mils) thick and heavy duty household foil is typically 0.024 millimetres (0.9 mils).The foil is pliable, and can be readily bent or wrapped around objects. Thin foils are fragile and are sometimes laminated to other materials such as plastics or paper to make them more useful.

Aluminium foil is produced by rolling sheet ingots cast from molten billet aluminium, then re-rolling on sheet and foil rolling mills to the desired thickness, or by continuously casting and cold rolling. To maintain a constant thickness in aluminium foil production, beta radiation is passed through the foil to a sensor on the other side. If the intensity becomes too high, then the rollers adjust, increasing the thickness. If the intensities become too low and the foil has become too thick, the rollers apply more pressure, causing the foil to be made thinner.

The continuous casting method is much less energy intensive and has become the preferred process.[7] For thicknesses below 0.025 mm (1.0 mil), two layers are usually put together for the final pass and afterwards separated which produces foil with one bright side and one matte side.[8] The two sides in contact with each other are matte and the exterior sides become bright, this is done to reduce tearing, increase production rates, control thickness, and get around the need for a smaller diameter roller.[8]

Some lubrication is needed during the rolling stages; otherwise, the foil surface can become marked with a herringbone pattern. These lubricants are sprayed on the foil surface before passing through the mill rolls. Kerosene based lubricants are commonly used, although oils approved for food contact must be used for foil intended for food packaging.

Aluminium becomes work hardened during the cold rolling process and is annealed for most purposes. The rolls of foil are heated until the degree of softness is reached, which may be up to 340 °C (644 °F) for 12 hours. During this heating, the lubricating oils are burned off, leaving a dry surface. Lubricant oils may not be completely burnt off for hard temper rolls, which can make subsequent coating or printing more difficult.

The rolls of aluminium foil are then slit on slitter rewinding machines into smaller rolls. Roll slitting and rewinding is an essential part of the finishing process.